Corporate Social Responsibility, Stakeholder Risk, and Idiosyncratic Volatility
Becchetti LeonardoCiciretti RoccoHasan Iftekhar
CEIS Research Paper
Idiosyncratic volatility (IV) is regarded as a measure of firm specific information and has been shown to be correlated with ex post lower stock returns. We explore the nexus between IV and corporate social responsibility (CSR) and document that IV is positively correlated with net aggregate CSR and is negatively correlated with a CSR specific risk factor (namely stakeholder risk) and with the standard error of the absolute earning forecast error. Our findings show that: (i) less (more) reliance on market information (firm specific information) implies more difficulty in predictive accuracy; (ii) negative correlation between IV and exposure to the above mentioned CSR risk dimension contributes to explain the puzzle of the negative excess returns of high IV portfolios widely documented in the literature. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that CSR reduces flexibility in answering to productive shocks via reduction of stakeholders’ wellbeing, thereby making earnings less predictable in conventional ways, even though they are less exposed to risk of conflicts with stakeholders.
Keywords: idiosyncratic volatility, corporate social responsibility, earning forecast bias.
JEL codes: D84; E44; F30; G17; C53
Date: Friday, July 19, 2013
Revision Date: Friday, July 19, 2013