Three Elementary Forms of Economic Organization

Ferraris Leo
CEIS Research Paper
We present a model where larger societies experience advances in specialization at the cost of diluted monitoring, which limits enforcement and hinders trade possibilities. Cash and financial instruments can replace monitoring. Advances in specialization may make it feasible to replace agriculture with manufacturing. The model generates three stable regimes with different combinations of productive systems and trade arrangements. In small societies, agriculture is accompanied by mutual sharing arrangements of the gift exchange type; in medium sized societies, agriculture is accompanied by monetary trade; in large societies, manufacturing is accompanied by circulating private banknotes issued by specialized agents acting as intermediaries.
Number: 288
Volume: 11
Issue: 11
Date: Tuesday 01 October 2013
Revision Date: Tuesday 01 October 2013