CEIS Seminars
James Fenske (University of Warwick)

Registration opens from Nov 08, 2021 to Nov 12, 2021.
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Did railways affect literacy? Evidence from India

CEIS Events

Friday 12 November 2021 h. 12:00-13:00


CEIS Tor Vergata – Microsoft Teams Webinar
Make your registation here no later than Thursday and you will receive the link


James Fenske (University of Warwick)

We study the effect of railroads, the single largest public investment in colonial India, on human capital. Using district-level data on literacy, we find railroads had positive effects on literacy, in particular on male and English literacy. We employ two identification strategies. First, we exploit synthetic panel variation contained in cohort-specific literacy rates due to differences in the timing of railroad exposure of different cohorts within the same district and census year. We find a one standard deviation increase in railroad exposure raises literacy by 0.29 standard deviations. Second, we use distance from an early railway plan as an instrument for district railway exposure in the cross section and find results of similar magnitude. We show that railroads increased literacy by raising secondary, rather than primary, schooling. Our mediation analysis suggests that non-agricultural income and opportunities for skilled employment are important mechanisms, while agricultural income is not.


Responsabile Scientifico
Marianna Brunetti, Furio Camillo Rosati

Barbara Piazzi