Riccardo Faini CEIS Seminars
Tommaso Frattini (Università di Milano)

From Refugees to Citizens: Returns to Naturalization and Labour Market Outcomes

Riccardo Faini CEIS Seminars

Friday 25 November 2022 h. 12:00-13:30


Room A - 1st Floor – Building B
Facolta' di Economia
Universita' degli Studi di Roma 'Tor Vergata'
Via Columbia 2, Roma


Tommaso Frattini (Università di Milano)

joint with Francesco Fasani and Maxime Pirot

Refugees typically display weaker socio-economic status, lower well-being and a more fragile integration in host country than comparable immigrants. In contrast with this widespread disadvantage, we document that refugees hold the lead among foreign-born citizens in naturalization rates. Matching individual records from survey data with changes in citizenship legislation across European countries over the last forty years, we show that this positive gap is not fully explained by the more favourable naturalization requirements that refugees often face. We then turn to labour market outcomes and instrument the endogenous selection into naturalization with eligibility rules. Our estimates point at large returns from citizenship for refugees: naturalized refugees completely fill the gap with comparable migrants in employment and participation. Positive returns on job quality are observed for other migrants.

Riccardo Faini CEIS Seminars list


Scientific committee

Mariangela Zoli, Tiziano Arduini, Furio Camillo Rosati


Barbara Piazzi