Riccardo Faini CEIS Seminars
Tommaso Frattini (Università di Milano)

From Refugees to Citizens: Labour Market Returns to Naturalization

Riccardo Faini CEIS Seminars

Friday, May 12, 2023 h. 12:00-13:30


Room A - 1st Floor – Building B
Facolta' di Economia
Universita' degli Studi di Roma 'Tor Vergata'
Via Columbia 2, Roma


Tommaso Frattini (Università di Milano)

Refugees typically display weaker socio-economic status, lower well-being and a more fragile integration in host country than comparable immigrants. In contrast with this widespread disadvantage, we document that refugees hold the lead among foreign-born citizens in naturalization rates, largely because of the more favourable naturalization requirements that they typically face. We then analyze the labour market returns to naturalization of refugees and other migrants across European countries. We propose an instrumental variable strategy based on differences in eligibility rules across countries, cohorts, and immigrant status to deal with endogenous selection into naturalization. Our estimates point at large returns from citizenship for refugees: naturalized refugees completely fill the gap with comparable migrants in employment and participation. Positive returns on job quality are observed for other migrants. 

Riccardo Faini CEIS Seminars list


Scientific committee

Mariangela Zoli, Tiziano Arduini, Furio Camillo Rosati


Barbara Piazzi